Virginia Hay Report
RH_GR310                     
Richmond, VA    Wed Jan 03, 2018   USDA-VA Dept of Ag Market News 
                      
Virginia Hay Report                  
       
Rushville Semimonthly Hay Auction, Harrisonburg, VA on Wed Jan 03, 2018
              
Prices per ton FOB unless otherwise noted.              
Most loads delivered free within 10 miles of auction site.

Delivery beyond 10 miles mostly 2.50 per mile.

                    
Alfalfa
   Large square
      Premium                    160.00 
                                 66.00-81.00 per bale
   Small square
      Premium                    6.85-7.40 per bale
            
Alfalfa-Orchardgrass mix                     
   Large square
      Premium                    44.00-55.00 per bale
      Good                       35.00 per bale
                                       
Mixed Grass
   Large square
     Good                        34.00-44.00 per bale
   Small square
     Good                        3.50-3.60 per bale
   Large round
     Good                        37.50-44.00 per bale
   Small round
     Fair                        25.00 per bale               
     
Orchardgrass
   Large square              
      Premium                    100.00-117.50    
      Good                       81.00-100.00
   Small square
      Premium                    5.50-5.60 per bale
    Large round
      Premium                    31.00-39.00 per bale
      Good                       25.00-31.00 per bale

Timothy
   Large square
      Premium                    51.00 per bale  
   Large round
      Premium                    39.00 per bale
      Good                       31.00-32.50 per bale
Straw
    Small square     
    Wheat                        3.10 bale

Corn Fodder                      16.00-25.00 per bale

Silage Brome Grass Hay
    Small round                  30.00 per bale

                          
The following can be used to estimate bale weights:
                Alfalfa          Other (Orchardgrass, Timothy, Mixed) 
Small Square    45-55 lbs        35-45 lbs 
Large Square    750-850 lbs      650-750 lbs 
Small Round     under 1000 lbs   under 1000 lbs 
Large Round     over 1000 lbs    over 1000 lbs
  
Official USDA hay standards/grades do not exist. The following hay 
quality designations and guidelines are used to describe and report 
hay.                     
                        
Alfalfa Guidelines                     
For domestic livestock use and not more than 10% grass                     
                     
Quality   ADF      NDF      RFV        TDN-100%   TDN-90%      CP                     
Supreme   <27      <34      >185       >62        >55.9        >22                     
Premium    27-29    34-36    170-185    60.5-62    54.5-55.9    20-22                     
Good       29-32    36-40    150-170    58-60      52.5-54.5    18-20                     
Fair       32-35    40-44    130-150    56-58      50.5-52.5    16-18                     
Utility   >35      >44      <130       <56        <50.5        <16                     
                     
RFV calculated using the WI/MN formula. TDN calculated using the 
western formula. Quantitative factors approximate and many factors can 
affect feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter (TDN showing 
both 100% and 90%). Guidelines used with visual appearance and intent 
of sale.                     
                     
ADF  Acid Detergent Fiber                     
CP   Crude Protein                     
NDF  Neutral Detergent Fiber                     
RFV  Relative Feed Value                     
TDN  Total Digestible Nutrients                     
                     
Grass Guidelines                     
                     
Quality     Crude Protein Percent                     
Premium     >13                     
Good         9-13                     
Fair         5-9                     
Utility     <5                     
                     
Quantitative factors approximate and many factors affect feeding                     
value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence                     
hay price or value more than testing results.                     
                      
Source:  Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services                     
         USDA-VA Market News, Richmond, VA   804.786.3947                     
         www.vdacs.virginia.gov/marketnews/                      
         market.news@vdacs.virginia.gov                     
                     
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